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International and Foreign Cyberspace Law Research Guide This guide covers resources on cyberspace law where issues encompass the Internet, cybercrime, privacy and ecommerce. Cyberspace law can incorporate aspects of comparative, international and foreign law. The EU's Digital Single Market The European Union's Digital Single Market Strategy consists of a series of initiatives intended to promote e-commerce and the digital economy through the harmonization of national laws and the development of uniform technical standards to facilitate interoperability.

It supersedes any conflicting national laws. A Directive is binding legislative act of general application that establishes a goal or objective. Member states must enact legislation to implement a directive by a specified date, a process known as "transposition. M39 This report by the Centre for European Policy Studies offers specific policy recommendations for the reform of copyright laws in furtherance of the EU's Digital Single Market.

E97 Electronic. This book offers article-by-article analysis and commentary on EU legislation related to e-commerce and the Single Digital Market. H55 The Kennedy half-century : the presidency, assassination, and lasting legacy of John F. New York : Bloomsbury, Certosimo and Lisa Cabel. Toronto : Carswell, c C47 Heidelberg ; New York : Springer, []. H86 A2 M53 Brentwood, Tenn.

Lee Smith Publishers. G62 Oxford : Hart publishing, S43 D59 J64 V56 A85 B47 Oxford, UK : Chandos, E38 Y68 Mnchen : C. T69 Johnson, Ronald Wheeler. S75 S44 Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, L3 S M38 B38 N45 F66 Johnson, Cynthia R. Landau, Mary S. Searles ; assisted by Brian Haley. N49 W33 S39 M53 F5 Lanham, Maryland : University Press of America, []. G65 H86 H27 P75 S44 P75 K36 W56 Halifax ; Winnipeg : Fernwood Publishing, L63 Serving the people?

Dublin Liffey Press Lake Mary, Fl. Hudson, Jr. V36 C48 L49 L53 State documents bibliography : Washington, D. D38 J37 F75 N48 L38 E3 P69 E3 E A9 G OSBA legal technology conference. A9 L42 A9 I63 A9 D53 Adobe Acrobat for lawyers. A9 I6 Blackford and Donna S. Z9 P64 Finance for lawyers. L35 F57 D66 Rosado, editor. J88 C43 G83 Bloomington, IN : AuthorHouse, ACTL ethics, professionalism, and substance abuse.

A2 E85 Discipline problems : how to avoid them. A2 D4 Fall ethics, professionalism, and substance abuse : meeting professional requirements and expectations in a technologically advanced world. Fear factor : how good lawyers get into bad ethical trouble. Professionalism, law office management, and client funds management : and, Getting a grip on your student loans. W46 Model rules of professional conduct. Chicago, Ill. L44 P37 Buffalo, New York : William S. Bouchoux, Esq. P37 I55 Carrigan and Christopher Waldrep. Charlottesville : University of Virginia Press, c S95 Basingstoke, Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan, C64 Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan, Berkeley : University of California Press, [].

M3 H43 Boyd and Connie I. Toronto : University of Toronto Press [], C3 B69 H35 Paul, MN : West Academic P79 Health care law. H43 Fuller Torrey, MD. T66 Miller and Raymond W. Cox III. Armonk, New York : M. Sharpe, [].

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M55 M53 U54 W43 The Hague : International Courts Association, S73 B68 Oxford : Hart Publishing, E92 Zellmer, Professor of Law and Robert B. Laitos, Professor of Law and John A. Carver, Jr. Claire Cutler. U6 Z45 Berkeley, CA : Nolo, c D78 Supreme Court year in review.

S9 R36 K65 T35 Munchen, Germany : Beck Hart Publishing, P38 Why nudge? U5 S94 Wayne Carp. Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, P36 C38 S75 S36 A35 P45 Demystifying employer retirement plans. N34 A75 E75 P8 L44 M65 P65 D68 Malden, MA : Polity, Z A5 Transforming violent political movements : rebels today, what tomorrow?

G75 A9 M48 Stress management for lawyers : how to prevent malpractice and ethical violations, as well as burnout, depression, and substance abuse, while achieving true professionalism. Z9 E48 Chicago : American Bar Association, P39 Soma, Stephen D. Rynerson [and] Erica Kitaev. Paul : West Academic Publishing, S65 Solove, Paul M. S66 G45 Z9 S56 Eagan, Minnesota : West, []. Z9 F The German prosecution service : guardians of the law? Heidelberg ; New York : Springer, B69 Lanham : University Press of America, c H48 Hodge, Jr.

Z9 H63 Boulder : Paradigm Publishers, []. A26 C53 Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, C45 K36 Strasbourg : Council of Europe Publishing, R3 E77 S2 R43 New York : Scribner, D87 C65 Zawati ; Preface by Justice Teresa A. Doherty, CBE. Z39 Residential real estate transactions. Z9 R42 Schaeffer Real Property Institute : new developments in real property law. A75 R4 R45 H86 E93 C66 D44 Van Ness, Karen Heetderks Strong. Waltham, MA : Anderson Publishing, []. X8 R47 Paul, MN : Paragon House, R W45 Hertzwit with attorney Emily Doskow.

Berkeley, CA : Nolo, S A34 S34 S35 Charlottesville, VA : LexisNexis. Charlottesville, Va. Tuscaloosa : The University of Alabama Press, [].


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A2 G58 Oxford : Clarendon Press, Baker and Brian Kelly. A34 A65 S74 Berkeley : Nolo, Z9 W37 Ernest E. Anderson, faculty advisor ; Michael Marek [and 11 others]. A2 E76 The module examines broad concepts and policy issues and does not require a prior background in Tax. International criminal justice is one of the most rapidly developing areas of international law and practice. Topics will include the elements of international crimes, jurisdiction, criminal responsibility, rules of evidence and procedure, as well as the challenges of investigating and prosecuting extreme crimes.

The course will examine some of the most significant war crimes trials of our era, as well as the historical, political and institutional context within which the international criminal justice system operates. The module compares and contrasts the various available dispute resolution methods in an international context, thereby focusing on the function of international courts and tribunals. In the first half of the semester, the module will examine theoretical and comparative aspects of international investment arbitration.

In the second half of the semester, the module will provide a practical analysis of resolving disputes before arbitral bodies including the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce and the Court of Arbitration for Sport. The module will also include a guest lecture on International Criminal Tribunals. International Economic Law concerns the legal rules relating to trade between states.

The courses focuses on the organisations put in place to regulate economic relationships between states most notably, the World Trade Organisation and the international treaties, which it enforces such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. The course examines trade in goods, services and the international regulation of intellectual property. Consideration is given to the international rules governing free trade such as most favoured nation status, national treatment rules and rules against tariff discrimination and other barriers to inter state trade.

Defences to breaches of these rules will be looked at. Finally the negotiation of trade agreements and the rules relating to international trade disputes are reviewed. This course examines various aspects of international human rights law, and discusses the general themes of which human rights can and should be protected by the international legal order, for example whether the international community should attempt to regulate the cultural practice of female circumcision.

Particular emphasis is placed on the European Convention on Human Rights, which is often described as the most successful human rights system in the world. The course examines the institutional structure of the ECHR system and also certain substantive rights protected by the ECHR, such as freedom from torture, freedom of expression, and family rights. Warfare is as old as humanity itself, but as long as there has been war, there have been customary practices intended to limit the effects of violence for humanitarian reasons.

In the last years, States have agreed to codify these practices as international law. The body of rules now known as international humanitarian law IHL applies only in time of armed conflict or occupation. IHL aims to define the rights and obligations of the warring parties and to protect people who are not taking part in hostilities.

This module is intended to familiarize students with the rules and principles of IHL as well as with the complex regime by which they are enforced. The module is divided across eleven teaching weeks, with two hours of lectures per week. There follows an exploration of the sources of IHL and the scope of its application. The module then examines the protection that the law provides to the victims of both international and non-international armed conflicts.

The focus here is on modern conflicts such as those taking place in Ukraine and Syria. The module will also address the limits established by the law on the means and methods of war which may be selected by belligerents in time of armed conflict. Students will have an opportunity to explore and discuss the implementation and enforcement of IHL by State and non-State actors, domestically and on the international stage. The module concludes with an analysis of the diverse challenges posed to IHL today, from cyber-attacks to Islamic State.

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Essay Topics: The essay must be a critical engagement with some area of international humanitarian law. Students are free to choose their own essay topic, subject to approval by the module lecturer. It is the topic and not the title which must be approved; provided the essay remains within the boundaries of the approved topic, students are permitted to choose the title at a later stage.

Students are not limited to material covered in lectures and are welcome to speak to the lecturer after lectures to discuss topics.


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Students should submit their final topic to the lecturer by email for approval no later than Friday, 20th September at 5. Length: The word limit for the essay is 5, words, including footnotes. This is a limit, not a suggestion. Marks may be deducted from students who exceed the word limit at a rate of one percentage point per words or part thereof that the student exceeds the limit. A bibliography is not required. The text should be 1. Pages should be numbered. Submission: The deadline for submission is Friday, 13 December at 5. Submission will be through Turnitin.

Students should familiarise themselves with Law School policy on marking penalties for late submission of coursework. Any extensions must be requested in advance by email to the lecturer. This module examines a number of controversial trade issues and considers the approach of law and regulation to them. The module commences with a consideration of the issue of development and the special rules applicable to developing nations. It then moves on to look at the issues surrounding international trade and agriculture, issues surrounding the regulation of international intellectual property, rules relating to foreign investment and the conflicts that can arise between international environmental law and international trade law.

There is a tutorial topic during the course where teams of students are asked to engage in a mock WTO negotiation round. With the increasing Islamic population both in Ireland and globally, the study of Islamic law is both timely and interesting. In this module, we consider first the sources and history of Sharia law and the implications of the operation of a system which derives its authority from an omnipotent and infallible God.

We also consider the geographical reach of Islamic law and the various ways in which it is applied in different jurisdictions. This module examines the role played by the courts in protecting, promoting and defining human rights in domestic legal systems. Most common law jurisdictions provide for litigable human rights through constitutions or other fundamental rights documents. In many instances these rights can be asserted against primary legislation as well as executive or administrative decisions.

Legality of Electronic Signatures in the EU and the US

The judiciary are charged with the task of deciding these specialised disputes between the individual and the state. Human rights adjudication gives rise to numerous theoretical and practical issues of law and politics, which are discussed in this course. Key issues addressed include:. Throughout this module, a critical approach is taken to the appropriateness and efficacy of placing the courts process and the judiciary at the centre of human rights protection. The course draws on sources from common law jurisdictions, including Ireland, the UK and Canada.

While there are no formal perquisites for taking this course, students are expected to be familiar with the constitutional law of at least one jurisdiction. Module Pre Requisite: Students must have previously studied the constitutional law of at least one common law State. Whether one considers media reports, regulatory decisions or commercial transactions, there is inevitably mention of some form of risk: climate risk, credit risk, health risk, security risk, risks of migration. Such references are accompanied by actions taken by agents in different professional and governing capacities: risk assessment, risk communication, risk management, mitigation of risk.

The governance of danger, however, is surely not a recent development. What, then, has changed? It is time to take a step back, explore the concept of risk and how it may be governed. The governance of risk balances a fundamental tension between the danger of the unknown on one hand, and the ability to anticipate and control the unknown on the other. Understanding and institutionalising the anticipation and control of the unknown requires hard theoretical, political and technical choices.

This module concentrates on how law shapes and responds to the prevalence of risk in private and public action. Given the array of legal tools to deal with risk, the module will cover conventional approaches such as command-and-control regulation as well as more recent approaches derived from Behavioural Law and Economics. This module will engage with some central themes of risk regulation, and allow the participants to analyse aspects of risk in their chosen areas of inquiry such as financial law, environmental law and health law. The subject could have an academic or non-academic flavour.

Students may also review fiction, but then the review must tease out what the author is trying to say or has the luxury to avoid saying about a non-fiction world. This needs to be submitted in the middle of the Reading Week. This will be distributed to a specific student serving as a Discussant for the presentation. I have nothing against the essay having an empirical component, with three caveats: 1 I am not an expert in advanced statistics, but I could try and find a co-evaluator; 2 empirical research takes time and resources; and 3 you would need to subject the empirical work to analytical scrutiny.

Should these obstacles not be formidable, you are most welcome to engage in empirical work. Depending on the choice of topics, I will seek to pair students on similar themes. The presentations begin one week after the Reading Week. Should two students wish to work as a group, then this needs to be discussed and approved. In such cases, the word limit may be extended based on the subject of inquiry. The total value of global dealmaking exceeded 3 trillion dollars in Topics covered include the market for corporate control, domestic and cross-border mergers and their regulation in the E.

The module will also include practitioner talks. This module will explore the growth of national security law as a discipline, and in particular the rule of law and human rights concerns that are in tension. In addition, the module will examine Irish law and practice where it touches on national security law issues, and will include examination of evidentiary concepts including informer and public interest privilege that are invoked when national security considerations are at play.

Students will be expected to read materials in advance of class and to participate actively in class discussion. Some classes will involve individual and group student presentations. Present day business activities increasingly take place at an international level, with technology and information no longer confined to national borders.

Science and technology companies in particular operate in this multinational environment and for these companies, patent rights are crucial.


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  2. Law of Electronic Commercial Transactions.
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  4. With the progression of globalization, IP students and practitioners need to be aware of the variations in patent law in the key markets around the world, and also need to be prepared to respond to a variety of problems that only arise in the context of multi-jurisdictional patenting activities. This module takes a practical look at patent law in key international territories: principally in Europe on a national and regional level , the US and in Asia. As a relevant backdrop to this landscape, the principles, treaties and institutions that attempt to regulate and harmonize patent rights at the international level are also considered.

    Legality of Electronic Signatures in the EU and the US

    Opportunity permitting, practitioners with different expertise may be invited as guest speakers to address certain topics in detail. The module explores arbitration as a means for resolving commercial disputes without recourse to the courts, particularly in an international context. The balancing of public policy considerations, such as party autonomy and access to justice, is traced through the legal framework for, and practice of, the resolution of commercial disputes by arbitration. The module compares and contrasts arbitration with litigation.

    The opaque nature of the alternative investment fund industry, its alleged role in major crises around the world and a perceived lack of investor protection have repeatedly led to calls for greater regulation of alternative investment funds. The aim of this module is to offer an introduction to the world of alternative investment funds, in particular hedge funds and private equity funds, and their regulation and equip students with a sound understanding of the business model of alternative investment funds and the regulatory regime governing them.

    The module will examine the benefits offered and the dangers posed by alternative investment funds and assess the rationales for their regulation. Furthermore, the course will focus on the regulation of alternative investment funds in the EU comparing the approach adopted by EU lawmakers with the one adopted by the US, the largest market for alternative investment funds.

    The module is designed for students interested in financial markets and the growing field of law and finance. We are living in the age of information and expanding potential channels for expression. Nowadays, internet allows everyone to be content creator and as a result freedom of expression is wider than ever. However, with this great potential comes great risk and the limits of freedom of expression are being tested in new ways. While up until recently there was reluctance to regulate the internet in general and social media in particular, the present trends are increasingly shifting towards more and more regulation.

    Thus, the aim of the module is to challenge students to think about whether and how the law can be shaped and improved for the benefit of digital society. Learning Outcomes:. Programme Modules LL. Section A LL. International and European Business Law Section A Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law Section B The purpose of this module is to impart techniques to improve the analytic, oral, and written presentation abilities of module attendees. Essays, Presentation, Test, Attendance and Participation. Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this module students should be able to: Identify the relationship between global and regional human right LL.

    Analyse key issues, including the death penalty, fair trial rights, gender equality and customary law. Discuss African human rights law in comparative perspective. Appraise and evaluate the role of tribunals and courts in Africa in protecting social and economic rights, freedom of expression and the right to liberty. Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this module, students should be able to: Appreciate the legal, commercial and human impacts at the interface between business and human rights.

    Understand the basis for attributing obligations to respect human rights to states, multinational corporations, and other business enterprises. Critically evaluate the main international instruments and policy initiatives in the area. Discuss legal and procedural barriers to remedy for victims of business related violations of human rights.

    Demonstrate an understanding of emerging causes of action and potential effects on businesses stemming from human rights impacts throughout their operations. Identify and evaluate trends towards improving transparency and accountability via policy and regulation. This will be determined on the basis of attendance at, participation in and contribution to discussion throughout the classes. Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this module, students should be able to: Identify key aspects of the Chinese legal system that are of importance from a comparative law perspective. Appraise the main features of Chinese public and private law, in such areas as constitutional law, commercial law, tort law and family law.

    Critically analyse human rights issues in the context of Chinese law and society. International and European Business Law Section B Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law Section B This module explores theoretical understandings of constitutional law, partly through a focus on issues in comparative law and methodology and partly through a focus on comparative materials.

    Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this module, students should be able to: To formulate their own account of the nature of constitutions and constitutional law; To understand the benefits and dangers of comparative analysis in constitutional law; To critically assess different modes of constitution-making, and how this shapes the narratives that grow up around constitutions; To assess critically different modes of constitutional change, including informal constitutional change, court-led change through interpretation, and popular change in referendums; To identify key issues of legitimacy in the concept of constitutionalism; To chart and critique the global doctrine of unconstitutional constitutional amendments; To assess the contemporary challenges of democratic backsliding and populism.

    Assessment: 1, word response paper incl. International and European Business Law Section A Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law Section B Comparative Product Liability explores the extent to which manufacturers and other businesses in the supply chain are liable for injuries caused by defects in products.